A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Abrash

Variations in tone in a single-color area, caused by the uneven take-up of dye. Abrash is most pronounced on handspun yarn dyed with vegetable colors and tribal rugs.

Agra

Emperor Akbar, grandson of the founder of the Mughal Empire, originated carpet production in Agra and the area became a major production center for the best of the classical Mughal Carpets. Usually composed of greens, blues, fawns, and tans, Agra carpets often exhibit open fields with smaller medallions and guards woven with wool.

Alchemy

Exclusive to abc, these colorful, ethereal designs are hand-woven from recycled sari silks & wool and made luminous by sun power, low-impact dye baths, and closed-loop water washes.

Anatolian

Art Deco

A style featuring angular lines with modern, abstract, and figurative motifs, and a color palette made up of interesting juxtapositions of light and dark. Though it originated in various regions across Europe, the most coveted Art Deco pieces were made in France, China, and Scandinavia.

Art Nouveau

A European style inspired by dark, heavy shades found in nature, Art Nouveau features colors like green, yellow, and brown. Curved, flowing lines that compose a series of symmetrical forms and patterns, from the simple to the intricate, are a fundamental characteristic of Art Nouveau rugs. Persian rugs influence the traditional composition.

Aubusson

Originating from a region near the Creuse River in central France, Aubusson rugs feature a dominant cream ground, with an outline of darker colors such as deep tan or brown. Grand designs of frames and cartouches hung with garlands are colored in large swaths of cool hues such as tan, rose-magenta, or mauve.

B

Bakshaish

Persian rugs produced in North Iran, near the Caucasus. The hand woven color palate is of rich, transparent colors, in a bold, geometric, dynamic, and abstract design.

Baluch

Persian rugs created in Baluchistan, now part of Iran and Pakistan, recognized for their unique bright color combinations. The design is typically a tree-of-life motif, but they can also feature geometric repeat designs, or diamond latch hook medallion patterns. Baluch rugs have a coarsely woven structure and exceptional wool quality.

Bessarabian

Romanian rugs with floral patterns, crafted in a naturalistic western style featuring brown or black ground. The rug has a knotted-pile and is flat woven with vivid coloring.

Bidjar

Named for a town in Persian Kurdistan, Bidjar also refers to rugs produced in surrounding villages. The color palate is rich and jewel toned. The designs depict the Kurdish influence of the area: floral and classical geometric motifs, as well as the use of large, whimsical medallion designs. All of the knots are symmetrical and the rows are beaten down during the weaving process, which produces a dense compact fabric.

Borders

Bands, usually decorated with patterns that differ from those in the main field and form a visual frame around the field, enhancing the main design.

Boteh

A paisley motif that is one of the most common motifs in oriental carpet design.

C

Casablanca

The majesty of the rugged Atlas mountain range and the luminous Moroccan desert have inspired Berber weavers for centuries. ABC has worked for decades to develop and promote the work of these remote cultures and communities. Casablanca’s are spontaneously woven by these nomadic artisans without any formal design graph or direction. The colorings employed mirror the beauty and tonality of the surrounding environment.

Caucasian Rug

Rugs that originated in the Caucasus and feature geometric, floral, tribal, or primitive designs in rich and varied colors. The warp and weft is from natural wool, tied with a Turkish knot.

Chemical Washing

Also called antique washing or antiquing, it is a chemical process that simulates the natural aging process, fading colors and adding luster to the pile. The process may cause damage to the rug.

Chinese Rug

Chinese rugs incorporate unique designs, such as dragons, local art, and ornamental objects. Some also feature both medallion and all-over formats. The colors are lively and energetic, and include rich jewel tones of magenta, turquoise, emerald, ruby, and violet. Chinese rugs are usually made of wool and silk and have a plushy and luxurious feel.

Color Reform

Imperfect, vintage rugs are reinvented through the evolutionary Color Reform project - an exclusive ABC concept that harnesses the philosophy of color to transform space and personal experience. Combining tradition with design innovation, ABC works hand in hand with local artisans in a remote region of Turkey to create each intricate, hand-knotted piece. The rugs are first laid to dry, using the natural energy of the sun to neutralize them of original color, then individually over-dyed and washed by artisans who use each piece as a canvas for creative expression. The result is a remarkable chromatic composition that reflects a unique artistic expression while still retaining the essence of original design - a one-of-a-kind work of art that is organically born through color.

Cotton

Cotton is a fiber harvested from cotton plants. It is commonly used in the creation of flat weave rugs. Cotton can be transformed into canvas or chenille depending on how it is spun. Cotton is relatively affordable and its biodegradable nature makes it an ideal option if you tend to redecorate often.

Curvilinear Design

The carpet design that relies on high knot count to produce intricately curved designs worked from fluid organic lines.

D

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