A method in which yarns are pulled through a backing, and then another layer of cloth is added to hold the loops in place. Unlike a tufted rug, the pile is not cut. Indigenous to northeastern U.S. and Maritime Canada, the production of hooked rugs began in the 1840's and gradually spread as a cottage industry by 1900. The earliest rugs featured a floral design and expanded to include folk art pictorial representations. Materials consisted of linen, flax, hemp, and eventually imported Indian jute.
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