A process to construct ornate rugs in a flat tapestry weave, needlepoint can be traced back to the 16th century in England and northwestern Europe. English needlepoint production continued to supply reinterpretations of Oriental prototypes until the 19th and 20th centuries, when it began to focus more on designs drawn from the Arts and Crafts Movement. English needlepoint also competed with contemporary French petit-point embroidery and Aubusson tapestry.

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